In Pennsylvania, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups (PA Stat. Tit. 43 Sec. 40.1et seq.; PA Admin. Code Sec. 11.31et seq.; and PA Liquor Code Sec. 493(13)).
Both federal and state child labor laws apply to most employers. If the laws conflict, the more restrictive provision applies--and child labor laws are strictly enforced.Because child labor laws are complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the state Department of Labor before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours.
The provisions regarding hazardous occupations do not apply to minors who are apprentices, laboratory student aides, student learners, or graduates of a cooperative vocational training program. The child labor laws do not apply to minors of any age employed in domestic service in private homes, or on farms, to employees over the age of 17 who are high school graduates, or to those who have attained their academic potential as determined by the chief school district administrator.