The Nebraska Fair Employment Practices Act (NFEPA) prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, including pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related medical conditions. This means that employers should ensure that their policies do not negatively affect pregnant women or nonpregnant individuals, one more than the other.
Specifically, it is an unlawful employment practice to discriminate against an individual who is pregnant, who has given birth, or who has a related medical condition in regard to job application procedures; the hiring, advancement, or discharge of employees; employee compensation; job training; and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment (NE Rev. Stat. Sec. 48-1107.01).
The NFEPA applies to all public and private employers with 15 or more employees.
Medical exams. The NFEPA prohibits an employer from requiring a medical examination or making inquiries of an employee as to whether the employee is pregnant, has given birth, or has a related medical condition unless the examination or inquiry is shown to be job-related and consistent with business necessity.