ERISA has extensive reporting and disclosure requirements for pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus plans, and most “welfare plans” (i.e., health care, life insurance, prepaid legal services, disability insurance). Forms and documents may have to be filed with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Department of Labor (DOL), and the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC). Others go directly to plan participants.
In general, ERISA “preempts” (i.e., overrides) state law. However, there are a few exceptions to this rule. ERISA does not supersede state insurance laws, so group health and life insurance plans are subject to state insurance mandates. Self-insured plans are exempt from state regulation.