Alabama Energy regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Alabama Energy: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Use of renewable energy resources: Alabama Code 41-6A-2

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Hydraulic fracturing:

Onshore land operations: Alabama Administrative Code (Ala. Admin. Code r) 400-1-9-.04

Coalbed methane gas operations: Ala. Admin. Code r 400-3-8-.03

Regulatory Agency

Alabama State Oil and Gas Board

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. To date, the federal government's involvement in renewable energy programs has been limited to voluntary programs and providing financial incentives for renewable energy generation. Alabama has followed the lead of the federal government and has not implemented any renewable energy programs at the state level. However, state legislation encourages the use of renewable energy resources, alternative energy sources, and more efficient uses of energy sources and other appropriate technology.

Alabama permits the process of hydraulic fracturing in the state, and requires approval by the Alabama State Oil and Gas Board (Board). See the national section ENERGY for more information on hydraulic fracturing.

Administration and enforcement. The Board oversees and approves hydraulic fracturing operations in the state.

State Requirements


Onshore Land Operations

Ala. Admin. Code r 400-1-9-.04

Alabama permits and regulates the process of hydraulic fracturing at onshore lands operations in the state. Any formation that is hydraulically fractured must not cause irreparable damage to an oil and gas well or adversely impact any fresh water supply well or any fresh water resources.

A proposal to fracture must include:

  • A wellbore schematic drawing
  • Geophysical ...

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