Massachusetts Energy regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Massachusetts Energy: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Renewable energy:

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Renewable energy portfolio standard: 225 Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) 14.01 to 14.12 and 225 CMR 15.01 to 15.12

Alternative energy portfolio standard: 225 CMR 16.01 to 16.12

Energy efficiency: Green Communities Act

Regulatory Agency

Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EOEEA) Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER)

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. To date, the federal government's involvement in renewable energy programs has been limited to voluntary programs and providing financial incentives for renewable energy generation. However, Massachusetts regulations establish both a renewable energy portfolio standard and an alternative energy portfolio standard.

Administration and enforcement. The Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources administers and enforces the state's renewable and alternative energy portfolio standards, as well as energy efficiency requirements.

State Requirements


Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard

225 CMR 14.01 to 14.12 and 225 CMR 15.01 to 15.12

Class I Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The total annual sales of each retail electricity supplier to end-use customers in Massachusetts must satisfy the following minimum percentages for the utilization of renewable energy from Class I renewable generation units, including solar carve-out renewable generation:

  • 2003: 1 percent
  • 2004: 1.5 percent
  • 2005: 2.0 percent
  • 2006: 2.5 percent
  • 2007: 3.0 percent
  • 2008: 3.5 percent
  • 2009: 4.0 percent
  • 2010: 5.0 percent
  • 2011: 6.0 percent
  • 2012: 7.0 percent
  • 2013: 8.0 percent
  • 2014: 9.0 percent
  • 2015: ...

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More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agency
Comparison: State vs. Federal
State Requirements