Governing Law and Regulations
Mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting: 40 CFR 98
Geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2): Mississippi Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Act, Senate Bill (SB) 2723
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Mississippi Oil and Gas Board (MSOGB)
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Before 2009, little action was taken at the federal level, beyond voluntary initiatives, to implement greenhouse gas (GHG) management strategies ensuring that GHG emissions are accounted for and controlled. However, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has changed its stance and is initiating actions to monitor and control GHG emissions.
Mississippi passed legislation to address the geologic sequestration of CO2, which is a GHG.
• Administration and enforcement. EPA administers and enforces the mandatory GHG reporting requirements. The Mississippi Oil and Gas Board (MSOGB) is responsible for overseeing the geologic sequestration of CO2.
GEOLOGIC SEQUESTRATION OF CO2
Mississippi has passed legislation granting MSOGB the authority to oversee the long-term containment of gaseous, liquid, or supercritical CO2 captured from an emissions source in underground geologic formations. MSOGB has the authority to establish, implement, and enforce regulations governing geologic sequestration of CO2, and associated underground injection wells. This oversight is necessary to ensure that such operations will not endanger human lives or cause damage to property or the environment.