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See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina has adopted the federal NESHAPs, including the source-specific NESHAPs known as maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards. In addition, the state has additional requirements for the control and permitting of toxic air pollutant (TAP) sources.
North Carolina has promulgated regulations that follow the federal Mercury Budget Trading Program established to implement the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR). However, CAMR has been the subject of litigation. See the national section HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS for the status of CAMR.
• Administration and enforcement. DENR administers and enforces the national hazardous air pollutant (HAP) standards and the state TAP regulations. North Carolina also has three local air quality control agencies that oversee the HAP and TAP regulations within their jurisdictions. For more information on the local air quality control programs, see the state section AIR ...