North Carolina Hazardous Air Pollutants regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Hazardous Air Pollutants: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP): 40 CFR 61, 40 CFR 63, and 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 2D.1110 to 2D.1112

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Toxic air pollutants (TAPs):

Controlling TAPs: 15A NCAC 2D.1101 to 2D.1112

Permitting requirements: 15A NCAC 2Q.0701 to 2Q.0713 and 15A NCAC 2D.1106

Regulatory Agencies

North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Environmental Management Commission Division of Air Quality (DAQ)

Western North Carolina Regional Air Pollution Control Agency

Forsyth County Environmental Affairs Department

Mecklenburg County Department of Environmental Protection

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina has adopted the federal NESHAPs, including the source-specific NESHAPs known as maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards. In addition, the state has additional requirements for the control and permitting of toxic air pollutant (TAP) sources.

North Carolina has promulgated regulations that follow the federal Mercury Budget Trading Program established to implement the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR). However, CAMR has been the subject of litigation. See the national section HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS for the status of CAMR.

Administration and enforcement. DENR administers and enforces the national hazardous air pollutant (HAP) standards and the state TAP regulations. North Carolina also has three local air quality control agencies that oversee the HAP and TAP regulations within their jurisdictions. For more information on the local air quality control programs, see the state section AIR ...

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