Illinois Incineration regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Illinois Incineration: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste incineration under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA): 40 CFR 264.340 to 264.347, 40 CFR 264.351, 40 CFR 265.340 to 265.352, 40 CFR 266.100 to 266.112, 35 Illinois Administrative Code (IAC) 703.205, 35 IAC 724.440 to 724.451, and 35 IAC 725.440 to 725.452

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National emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for hazardous waste combustors: 40 CFR 63.1200 to 63.1213

New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for incinerators: 40 CFR 60.50 to 60.54

NSPS for municipal waste combustors (MWCs): 40 CFR 60.50a to 60.59a and 40 CFR 60.50b to 60.59b

NSPS for small MWCs: 40 CFR 60.1000 to 60.1465

Emissions guidelines for existing MWCs: 40 CFR 60.30b to 60.39b, 40 CFR 62.3335, and 40 CFR 62.3350

NSPS for hospital/medical/infectious waste incinerators (HMIWIs): 40 CFR 60.50c to 60.58c

Emissions guidelines and standards for existing HMIWIs: 40 CFR 60.30e to 60.39e and 35 IAC 229.100 to 229.184

NSPS for commercial and industrial solid waste incinerators (CISWIs): 40 CFR 60.2000 to 60.2265

Emissions guidelines for existing CISWIs: 40 CFR 60.2500 to 60.2875 and 40 CFR 62.14500 to 14840

NSPS for other solid waste incinerators (OSWIs): 40 CFR 60.2880 to 60.2977

Emissions guidelines for existing OSWIs: 40 CFR 60.2980 to 60.3078

NSPS for sewage treatment plants: 40 CFR 60.150 to 60.156

NSPS for sewage sludge incinerators: 40 CFR 60.4760 to 60.4930

Emissions guidelines for existing sewage sludge incinerators: 40 CFR 60.5000 to 60.5250

State incinerator requirements: 35 IAC 212.181 to 212.185, 35 IAC 216.141, and 35 IAC 216.142

Particulate matter emissions: 35 IAC 212.181 to 212.185

Carbon monoxide emissions: 35 IAC 216.141 and 35 IAC 216.142

Open burning: 35 IAC 237.101 to 237.207

Exemptions from prohibition:


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