Alabama Environment - General regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Alabama Environment - General: What you need to know

Overview of Alabama's Environmental Rules


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In Alabama, the counterpart to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM). ADEM is responsible for protecting Alabama's land, water, and air from pollution. Alabama has been delegated authority by EPA to administer and enforce regulatory programs for air emissions, surface wastewater effluent and stormwater discharges, groundwater discharges, and solid and hazardous waste management. Various state regulatory requirements for water quality protection and waste management are more stringent than corresponding federal requirements. The federal government regulates workplace safety and hazard communication in the private sector, with some reporting requirements administered by state agencies.


Alabama's air program is shaped by its state implementation plan (SIP), which sets forth basic strategies for implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. As mandated by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA), each state must adopt and submit a SIP to EPA for approval. The Alabama SIP was officially submitted to EPA in January 1972 and is frequently amended to comply with the 1990 CAA amendments. The SIP focuses on permitting, emission standards, nonattainment areas, hazardous air pollutants, and various other air-related requirements.

ADEM's Air Division is responsible for administering and enforcing Alabama's air pollution rules. The local agencies oversee the air quality programs within their jurisdictions.


The Alabama Water Pollution Control Act provides the state's water quality standards and establishes permitting requirements ...

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