Ohio Environment - General regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Ohio Environment - General: What you need to know

Overview of Ohio's Environmental Rules


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In Ohio, the counterpart to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA). OEPA is responsible for protecting Ohio's land, water, and air from pollution. Ohio has been delegated authority by EPA to administer and enforce regulatory programs for air emissions, water quality, and solid and hazardous waste management. Various state regulatory requirements are more stringent than corresponding federal requirements. The federal government regulates workplace safety and hazard communication in the private sector, with some reporting requirements administered by state agencies.


Ohio's air program is shaped by its state implementation plan (SIP), which sets forth basic strategies for implementation, maintenance, and enforcement of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). As mandated by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA), each state must adopt and submit a SIP to the EPA for approval. Ohio's SIP was officially submitted to EPA in January 1972 and is frequently amended to comply with the 1990 CAA amendments. The SIP focuses on permitting, nonattainment areas, and numerous other air-related programs.

OEPA's Division of Air Pollution Control is responsible for administering and enforcing Ohio's air pollution rules, with the assistance of the local air pollution control agencies.


Ohio has been given the authority to administer all of the federal water discharge programs, including the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), for all sources. The state also promotes the use of sewage treatment plant sludge as fertilizer, either at the treatment plants or on farms. ...

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