New York Pollution Prevention regulations & environmental compliance analysis

New York Pollution Prevention: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, 42 USC 13101 to 13109

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Hazardous waste: Environmental Conservation Law (ECL) 27-0105

Hazardous waste reduction plans (HWRPs): ECL 27-0908

Regulatory Agency

New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Office of Environmental Permits Pollution Prevention Unit

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. New York refers to pollution prevention (P2) as waste reduction. In addition to federal P2 requirements, the state has its own hazardous waste reduction requirements that apply to hazardous waste generators and facility owners and operators. For federal P2 requirements, see the national section POLLUTION PREVENTION.

Administration and enforcement. A variety of the New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) divisions enforce the federal and state P2 rules in New York.

State Requirements


New York requires that hazardous waste generators complete a hazardous waste reduction plan (HWRP). The state also offers an awards program with recognition and incentives for pollution prevention projects.


ECL 27-0105

New York has established a preferred hazardous waste management practices hierarchy that is used to guide all hazardous waste policies and decisions. Specifically, in descending order of preference:

  • The generation of hazardous wastes is to be reduced or eliminated to the maximum extent practical.
  • Hazardous wastes that continue to be generated are to be recovered, reused, or recycled to the maximum extent practical.
  • Detoxification, treatment, or destruction technologies are to be utilized for ...

Read more about Pollution Prevention

More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agency
Comparison: State vs. Federal
State Requirements
Additional Guidance
Guidance Documents