Virginia Underground Storage Tanks regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Underground Storage Tanks: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Virginia Groundwater Management Act: Virginia Code Annotated (VCA) 62.1-254 et seq.

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Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (USBC): VCA 36-99.6

Virginia underground storage tank (UST) regulations: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 25-580-10 to 25-590, Appendix XIII

Permitting and inspections: 9 VAC 25-580-40

Notification requirements: 9 VAC 25-580-70, 9 VAC 25-580-100, and 9 VAC 25-580-380

Performance standards:

Secondary containment: 9 VAC 25-580-50 and 9 VAC 25-580-390

Corrosion protection: 9 VAC 25-580-50 and 9 VAC 25-580-90

Spill and overfill prevention equipment: 9 VAC 25-580-50

Release detection: 9 VAC 25-580-130, 9 VAC 25-580-160, and 9 VAC 25-580-170

Operation and maintenance:

Inspections and testing: 9 VAC 25-580-82 and 9 VAC 25-580-85

Corrosion protection: 9 VAC 25-580-90

Release reporting and response: 9 VAC 25-580-190 to 25-580-300

Corrective action plan (CAP): 9 VAC 25-580-280


Temporary closure: 9 VAC 25-580-310

Permanent closure and changes in service: 9 VAC 25-580-320 to 25-580-350

Operator training: 9 VAC 25-580-125

Delivery prohibition: 9 VAC 25-580-370

Financial responsibility: 9 VAC 25-590-10 to 25-590, Appendix XIII

Petroleum Storage Tank Fund: 9 VAC 25-590-210

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization Petroleum Program UST Program

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia's underground storage tank (UST) program is approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) follows the federal UST requirements as revised in 2015. For more information about the federal ...

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