Governing Law and Regulations
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), 42 USC 9601 to 9675
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA): 42 USC 6901 to 6992k
The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act (Brownfields Act), Public Law 107-118 (H.R. 2869) amending CERCLA
Definition: 42 USC 9601
Brownfields liability: 42 USC 9607
Contiguous property owners: 42 USC 9607(q)
Prospective purchasers: 42 USC 9607(r)
Innocent landowners: 42 USC 9601(35)
All appropriate inquiries standards: 40 CFR 312
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
"Brownfields" is the commonly known term for abandoned and idle properties often found in poor urban communities that are, or are thought to be, contaminated with chemical wastes from manufacturing processes. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established a Brownfields Program designed to empower states, communities, and other stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together to assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields.
The expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of a brownfield property may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. It is estimated that there are more than 450,000 brownfields in the United States. Cleaning up and reinvesting in these properties increases local tax bases, facilitates job growth, utilizes existing infrastructure, takes development pressures off of undeveloped, open land, and both improves and protects the ...