Governing Law and Regulations
State Inactive Hazardous Sites Response Act, General Statutes of North Carolina (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 130A-310 to 130A-310.13 and 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 13C.0101 to 13C.0308
State Brownfields Program:
Brownfield Property Reuse Act of 1997, N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-310.30 to 130A-310.40
Submission of reports and fees: N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-310.39(a)(1)
Brownfields Property Tax Incentive, N.C. Gen. Stat. 105-277.13
North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management Superfund Section
DEQ Division of Waste Management Brownfields Program
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina offers the Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP) under the North Carolina Inactive Hazardous Sites Program, which is available to any party to conduct cleanup activities and is often used by parties who have caused or contributed to the contamination at the site. The state Brownfields Program, which is separate from the VCP, is available only to parties that did not cause or contribute to the contamination at a site.
In addition, the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Superfund Section investigates uncontrolled and unregulated hazardous waste sites in North Carolina, identifies risks posed by these sites, prioritizes sites for cleanup, and directs site cleanup. These activities are performed under authority of the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), and the State Inactive Hazardous Sites ...