CERCLA regulations & environmental compliance analysis

CERCLA : What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA): 42 USC 9601 to 9657

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Superfund: 40 CFR 302 to 310

Penalties: 42 USC 9607 to 9609

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), 42 USC 11001 to 11050 and 40 CFR 350 to 372

Emergency releases: 42 USC 9601 and 40 CFR 302.3

Property transfer: 40 CFR 373

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA): 40 CFR 240 to 282

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System (CERCLIS): 42 USC 9616 and 40 CFR 300.5

Brownfields: 42 USC 9604

Regulatory Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Superfund Program

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.


CERCLA, more commonly referred to as Superfund, was designed to help clean up inactive hazardous waste sites. It was modified to also require private industries to disclose to their communities and neighbors what hazardous substances they use and store. For a description of hazardous substances under CERCLA, see the national section HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE STORAGE.

CERCLA deals with many different subjects and the sections that follow provide a roadmap to where those subjects are covered in this service.

EPA has defined what methods should be used to assess an area that has lead-contaminated soil and what the remediation goals should be. In addition, CERCLA lists friable asbestos as a hazardous substance with a reportable quantity of 1 pound. For a description of CERCLA requirements related to these specific hazardous materials, see the national sections ASBESTOS and LEAD.

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