North Carolina Corrective Action regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Corrective Action: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Corrective action rules: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 13A.0109(g) and 15A NCAC 13A.0109(s)

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Risk-based corrective action (RBCA): 15A NCAC 02L.0400 and 15A NCAC 02S.0500

Regulatory Agency

North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management Hazardous Waste Section or Underground Storage Tank Section

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina adopts by reference the federal corrective action rules for hazardous and solid (nonhazardous) waste management units, which include the federal rules for corrective action management units (CAMUs), temporary units (TUs), and staging piles. The state's adoption of the CAMU rules includes the less stringent federal provision at 40 CFR 264.555 regarding placement of CAMU-eligible wastes in off-site hazardous waste landfills. See the national section CORRECTIVE ACTION to review the federal rules for CAMUs, TUs, and staging piles.

The state also allows a risk-based corrective approach in the cleanup of releases from underground petroleum storage tanks, as well as contamination at certified dry-cleaning facilities.

Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Waste Management administers and enforces the corrective action requirements in North Carolina.

State Requirements

RBCA

15A NCAC 02L.0400 and 15A NCAC 02S.0500

Risk-based corrective action (RBCA) is a process by which contaminated sites are cleaned up to a level that is based on the actual risks they pose rather than simply applying background-level cleanup standards. RBCA was originally designed by the American Society ...


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More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agency
Comparison: State vs. Federal
State Requirements
Guidance Documents