Virginia Hazardous Waste Determination regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Hazardous Waste Determination: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Identification and classification of hazardous waste: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-60-261(A) to 20-60-261(B)(4)

Regulatory Agency
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Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia incorporates by reference the federal regulations for identifying and classifying hazardous waste, including the federal exemptions from the definitions of solid and hazardous waste through July 1, 2015, such as the conditional exclusions from the definitions of solid and hazardous waste for solvent-contaminated wipes, the solid waste exclusion for cathode-ray tubes (CRTs), the hazardous waste exclusion for carbon dioxide streams in geological sequestration activities, and the 2015 definition of solid waste rule (concerning the recycling of hazardous secondary materials). There are additional state requirements in connection with substituting state addresses for federal addresses.

Administration and enforcement. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization administers and enforces the state's hazardous waste determination and classification rules.

State Requirements


EPA's "contained-in" policy is a flexible version of the mixture and derived-from rules created to apply to debris as well as environmental media (i.e., soil, groundwater, sediments). Although the EPA does not consider environmental media and debris to be hazardous waste in and of themselves, the EPA requires that these materials be regulated as hazardous waste during the time that they exhibit one or ...

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