Hazardous Waste Disposal regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Hazardous Waste Disposal: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 USC 6903(3) and 42 USC 6924

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Landfill rules: 40 CFR 264.300 to 264.317 and 40 CFR 265.300 to 265.316 (interim status)

Land treatment facility rules: 40 CFR 264.270 to 264.283 and 40 CFR 265.270 to 265.282 (interim status)

Surface impoundment rules: 40 CFR 264.220 to 264.232 and 40 CFR 265.220 to 265.231 (interim status)

Underground injection well rules: 40 CFR 144 to 148 and 40 CFR 270.60(b) (permits-by-rule)

Incineration regulations: 40 CFR 264.340 to 264.351 and 40 CFR 265.340 to 265.352 (interim status)

Hazardous waste burned in boilers and industrial furnaces: 40 CFR 266.100 to 266.112

Regulatory Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER)

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

Hazardous Waste Disposal Overview


With the passage of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) by Congress in 1976, a comprehensive scheme was established whereby hazardous wastes are regulated from cradle to grave. The states have followed with similar—and sometimes more stringent—laws. The generator of the hazardous waste is the "cradle" (i.e., where the waste is created), and the hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF) is the "grave" (i.e., where the hazardous waste ends up).

"Disposal" is defined by RCRA as "the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of solid or hazardous waste into any land or water so that such solid or hazardous waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or any waters, including groundwaters" (42 USC 6903(3)).

RCRA has ...

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