Texas Hazardous Waste Disposal regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Texas Hazardous Waste Disposal: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste disposal facility rules: 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) 335.152 and 30 TAC 335.112 (interim status)

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Definition of hazardous waste disposal: 30 TAC 335.1(44)

Regulatory Agency

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) Office of Compliance and Enforcement

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Texas has adopted the hazardous waste disposal rules by reference and added several more stringent state provisions. The state's more stringent hazardous waste disposal rules apply to: the definition of disposal, surface impoundments, land treatment, landfills, and disposal facility permits and fees.

Administration and enforcement. TCEQ's Office of Compliance and Enforcement administers and enforces the hazardous waste disposal rules in Texas.

State Requirements


30 TAC 335.1(44)

Texas has adopted the federal definition of disposal and added a phrase (noted in italics). Disposal is defined in Texas as "the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid or hazardous waste whether containerized or uncontainerized into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or hazardous waste or any constituent thereof may enter into the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including groundwaters."

The phrase "whether containerized or uncontainerized" recognizes that even if hazardous waste is properly secured in containers, such as drums, the act of placing a drum at a disposal facility (a landfill) is considered a disposal action regulated by TCEQ.


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