North Carolina Hazardous Waste - General regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Hazardous Waste - General: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste law and rules: General Statutes of North Carolina (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 130A-290 to 130A-309 and 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 13A.0101 to 13A.0119

Regulatory Agencies
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North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management Hazardous Waste Section

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina's hazardous waste management rules include the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) rules as well as more stringent state requirements. The state's more stringent rules apply to hazardous waste generators; transporters; owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs); and handlers of used oil. The state's rules for handlers of universal wastes parallel the federal requirements.

Administration and enforcement. North Carolina has received RCRA authorization from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). RCRA authorization allows the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Hazardous Waste Section to administer and enforce the state's hazardous waste management rules.

To receive RCRA authorization from the EPA, North Carolina's hazardous waste management rules must have been at the time of authorization at least as stringent as, and consistent with, the federal hazardous waste RCRA rules. To maintain federal authorization, the DEQ must adopt EPA's latest RCRA rules or more stringent state standards.

Note: Any federal regulation that is promulgated under the 1984 amendments to RCRA (the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA)) ...

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