Virginia Hazardous Waste - General regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Hazardous Waste - General: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste management law and rules: Virginia Waste Management Act, Virginia Code Annotated (VCA) 10.1-1400 to 10.1-1457; 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-40 to 20-60, and 9 VAC 20-110

Regulatory Agencies
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Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Waste Division

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia's hazardous waste management rules include the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) rules and several more stringent state requirements. The state's rules apply to hazardous waste generators, transporters, owners and operators of hazardous waste TSDFs, universal waste handlers, and used oil handlers.

Administration and enforcement. DEQ has received RCRA authorization from EPA. RCRA authorization allows DEQ to administer and enforce the state's hazardous waste management rules.

To receive RCRA authorization from EPA, Virginia's hazardous waste management rules must have been at least as stringent as, and consistent with, the federal hazardous waste RCRA rules at the time of authorization. To maintain federal authorization, DEQ must adopt EPA's latest RCRA rules or adopt more stringent state standards.

Note: Any federal regulation that is promulgated under the 1984 amendments to RCRA (the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA)) becomes effective in all states at the moment it goes into effect under federal law. Under such circumstances in Virginia, the HSWA-promulgated rule is administered and enforced by EPA's Region 3 office until Virginia ...

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