North Carolina Hazardous Waste Treatment regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Hazardous Waste Treatment: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste treatment facility permit rules: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 13A.0113, General Statutes of North Carolina (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 130A-295 to 130A-295.02, and N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-295.04

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Treatment facility rules: 15A NCAC 13A.0109 and 15A NCAC 13A.0110 (interim status)

Treatment facility fees: N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-294.1(k) to 130A-294.1(o)

Thermal treatment interim-status facility rules: 15A NCAC 13A.0110(p)

Biological, physical, and chemical treatment interim-status facility rules: 15A NCAC 13A.0110(q)

Regulatory Agency

North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management Hazardous Waste Section

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina has adopted the federal hazardous waste treatment rules with several important, more stringent additions. The state's more stringent hazardous waste treatment rules apply to surface impoundments, hazardous waste treatment facility location standards, facility fees, and generator on-site treatment.

Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Waste Management administers and enforces the hazardous waste treatment rules in North Carolina.

State Requirements


The state has additional permit application requirements for treatment facilities, including those in connection with location standards, surface water protection, and several statements that must be included in the permit.

Unlike the federal rules, North Carolina regulations require hazardous waste treatment facility owners and operators to pay a permit application fee, an ...

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North Carolina Hazardous Waste Treatment Resources

Type Title
Checklists Land Treatment Permitting Checklist
Forms Treatment and Storage Facility Inspection Form
See all Hazardous Waste Treatment Resources