North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management Hazardous Waste Section
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Land and Emergency Management (OLEM)
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina incorporates by reference the federal land disposal restrictions (LDRs), including the Phase IV federal LDRs and best demonstrated available technology (BDAT). Although North Carolina has adopted the following federal LDRs, the state is not authorized to implement them because the EPA has not delegated authority to states to implement these rules:
—Case-by-case extensions (40 CFR 268.5)
—No-migration variances (40 CFR 268.6)
—Equivalent method variances (40 CFR 268.42(b))
—Variances from treatment standards (40 CFR 268.44)
See LDR Exceptions in the national section LAND DISPOSAL RESTRICTIONS/LAND BAN for more information about these extensions and variances.
• Administration and enforcement. North Carolina's hazardous waste management program is administered and enforced by the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Waste Management. However, when new LDRs are issued under the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the U.S. EPA will administer them until North Carolina adopts equivalent or more stringent rules.