Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Virginia adopts by reference the federal land disposal restrictions (LDRs) that were in effect as of July 1, 2010, including the Phase IV federal land disposal restrictions and best demonstrated available technology (BDAT) with a few exceptions, the only one of significance being in connection with newly identified wastes. In addition, Virginia has not adopted the following federal LDRs because the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not delegated authority to states to implement these rules:
—Case-by-case extensions (40 CFR 268.5)
—No-migration variances (40 CFR 268.6)
—Equivalent method variances (40 CFR 268.42(b))
—Variances from treatment standards (40 CFR 268.44)
See LDR Exceptions in the national section LAND DISPOSAL RESTRICTIONS/LAND BAN for more information about these extensions and variances.
• Administration and enforcement. DEQ administers and enforces the land disposal restrictions in Virginia. However, when new regulations are issued under the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) to the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), EPA will administer these new regulations until the time that an equivalent or more stringent rule is adopted.