Land Treatment regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Land Treatment: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 USC 6924

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Hazardous waste land treatment standards: 40 CFR 264.270 to 264.283 and 40 CFR 265.270 to 265.282 (interim status)

Solid waste land treatment standards: 40 CFR 257.3-5

Treatment demonstration: 40 CFR 264.272 and 40 CFR 270.63

Precise facility standards: 40 CFR 264.271, 40 CFR 264.273, and 40 CFR 265.272

Treatment zone criteria: 40 CFR 264.271(c)

Food chain crops: 40 CFR 264.276 and 40 CFR 265.276

Unsaturated-zone monitoring plan: 40 CFR 264.278 and 40 CFR 265.278

Groundwater monitoring: 40 CFR 264.90 to 264.101 and 40 CFR 265.90 to 265.94

Inspections and recordkeeping: 40 CFR 264.273(g), 40 CFR 264.279, and 40 CFR 265.279

Ignitable or reactive wastes: 40 CFR 264.281 and 40 CFR 265.281

Incompatible wastes: 40 CFR 264.282 and 40 CFR 265.282

Dioxin-containing wastes: 40 CFR 264.283

Regulatory Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER)

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

Land Treatment Overview


What Is Land Treatment?

Land treatment is unique. Unlike landfills and surface impoundments, where waste is put onto the land and the facility has one or two liners, a land treatment facility is unlined and the hazardous waste is either applied on the soil surface or incorporated into the upper layers of the soil in order to degrade, transform, or immobilize hazardous constituents present in the hazardous waste. The objective of land treatment is to allow the soil microbes ...

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