Pennsylvania Land Treatment regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Pennsylvania Land Treatment: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste land treatment facility rules: 25 Pennsylvania Code (Pa. Code) 264a.1(a), 25 Pa. Code 264a.273, 25 Pa. Code 264a.276, and 25 Pa. Code 265a.1(a) (interim status)

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Soil standards: 25 Pa. Code 264a.273(5) and 25 Pa. Code 264a.273(6)

Hazardous waste application: 25 Pa. Code 264a.273

Food-chain crops: 25 Pa. Code 264a.276

Regulatory Agency

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Office of Waste, Air, and Radiation Management Bureau of Waste Management Division of Hazardous Waste Management

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Pennsylvania adopts by reference the federal land treatment facility requirements and several more stringent state standards. The state rules cover:

—Soil standards

—Hazardous waste application

—Facility permits and fees

Administration and enforcement. DEP's Bureau of Waste Management administers and enforces the land treatment requirements in Pennsylvania.

State Requirements


25 Pa. Code 264a.273(5) and 25 Pa. Code 264a.273(6)

The state has established specific standards for the type and quality of soil used for land treatment facilities. The state requires that:

  • Hazardous waste must be applied only to soils that fall within the U.S. Department of Agriculture textural classes of sandy loam, loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam, and silt loam.
  • Soils have sola with a minimum depth of 20 inches and at least 40 inches of soil depth.


25 Pa. Code 264a.273

Pennsylvania specifies when and how hazardous waste may be applied to the land. It prohibits waste ...

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