New York Landfills regulations & environmental compliance analysis

New York Landfills: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste landfill rules: 6 New York Codes, Rules, and Regulations (NYCRR) 373-2.14 and 6 NYCRR 373-3.14 (interim status)

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Solid (nonhazardous) waste landfill rules: 6 NYCRR 360-2 and 6 NYCRR 360-7 to 360-9, and 6 NYCRR 370.1(e)(2)(iii)(b)

Facility location standards: 6 NYCRR 373-2.14(b)


Design and construction: 6 NYCRR 373-2.14(c)

Groundwater standards: 6 NYCRR 373-2.14(d)

Regulatory Agency

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Office of Remediation and Materials Management Division of Environmental Remediation

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. At present, New York has only one commercial landfill that accepts hazardous waste, located in Niagara County in Porter, New York. New York's hazardous waste landfill regulations include the federal rules and more stringent state requirements. The additional state rules, discussed briefly here, cover site characteristics, liners, and facility fees.

Note: A hazardous waste landfill is also referred to in New York as a "secure land-burial facility," a reference that is applicable also to closed waste piles.

New York has its own rules for solid (nonhazardous) waste landfills. See the state section SOLID WASTE for more information.

Administration and enforcement. DEC's Division of Environmental Remediation administers and enforces both the hazardous and solid (nonhazardous) waste landfill requirements in New York.

State Requirements


6 NYCRR 373-2.14(b)

Hazardous waste landfills must meet the following facility location standards:

  • Soil beneath the facility must ...

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