Governing Law and Regulations
North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. At present, North Carolina has no commercial landfills that accept hazardous waste. However, the state's hazardous waste program retains hazardous waste landfill regulations that are more stringent than the federal requirements. The state's more stringent hazardous waste landfill rules focus on the definition of landfill, long-term storage facilities, facility location standards, and permits and fees.
North Carolina has its own rules for solid (nonhazardous) waste landfills. See the state section SOLID WASTE for more information.
• Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Waste Management administers and enforces the landfill rules in North Carolina.
DEFINITION OF LANDFILL
N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-290(a)(16)
The state replaces the federal definition of "landfill" with its own: "Landfill means a disposal facility or part of a disposal facility where waste is placed in or on land and which is not a land treatment facility, a surface impoundment, an injection well, a hazardous waste long-term storage facility, or a surface storage ...