North Carolina Landfills regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Landfills: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste landfill management rules: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 13A.0109(o) and 15A NCAC 13A.0110(n) (interim status)

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Definition of landfill: General Statutes of North Carolina (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 130A-290(a)(16)

Long-term storage facilities: 15A NCAC 13A.0102(d)(4) and 15A NCAC 13A.0109(p)

Hazardous waste landfill location standards: 15A NCAC 13A.0109(r)

Regulatory Agency

North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Waste Management

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. At present, North Carolina has no commercial landfills that accept hazardous waste. However, the state's hazardous waste program retains hazardous waste landfill regulations that are more stringent than the federal requirements. The state's more stringent hazardous waste landfill rules focus on the definition of landfill, long-term storage facilities, facility location standards, and permits and fees.

North Carolina has its own rules for solid (nonhazardous) waste landfills. See the state section SOLID WASTE for more information.

Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Waste Management administers and enforces the landfill rules in North Carolina.

State Requirements


N.C. Gen. Stat. 130A-290(a)(16)

The state replaces the federal definition of "landfill" with its own: "Landfill means a disposal facility or part of a disposal facility where waste is placed in or on land and which is not a land treatment facility, a surface impoundment, an injection well, a hazardous waste long-term storage facility, or a surface storage ...

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