Virginia Landfills regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Landfills: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste landfill rules: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-60-264(A) and 9 VAC 20-60-265(A) (interim status)

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Solid (nonhazardous) waste landfill rules: 9 VAC 20-80-240 to 20-80-290

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Waste Division

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. At present, Virginia has no commercial landfills that accept hazardous waste. However, the state's hazardous waste management program has adopted the federal hazardous waste landfill regulations by reference, including those for lab packs. In addition, any owner or operator of a hazardous waste landfill is required to comply with the state's hazardous waste permit certification requirements and pay state permit application and permit certification fees. The permitting process and fees are reviewed in the state section TSDF PERMITS.

Note: Many states do accept lab packs for disposal. Always check another state's lab pack rules before sending the lab pack out of state for disposal.

Virginia has its own rules for solid (nonhazardous) waste landfills. The federal solid waste landfill requirements also apply in Virginia. Refer to the state section SOLID WASTE for additional information.

Administration and enforcement. DEQ's Waste Division administers and enforces both the hazardous and solid (nonhazardous) waste landfill requirements in Virginia.

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