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See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. In Iowa, the management of infectious (medical) waste, which can potentially be considered a "special waste," is specified under the state's solid waste regulations. Special waste disposal requires a special waste authorization (SWA) from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) that outlines the requirements for proper disposal.
Iowa has not established regulations consistent with the federal guidelines for existing hospital/ medical/ and infectious waste incinerators (HMIWIs) because the state has received approval of a negative declaration confirming that no applicable sources exist in the state. See the state section INCINERATION OF WASTES for more information.
• Administration and enforcement. DNR's Energy and Waste Management Bureau administers and enforces the infectious waste requirements in Iowa.