Virginia Medical Waste regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Medical Waste: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Regulated medical waste (RMW) management: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-120-10 to 20-120-1000

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Definition: 9 VAC 20-120-140 and 9 VAC 20-120-150

Packaging and labeling:

Generator responsibility: 9 VAC 20-120-200

Packaging: 9 VAC 20-120-210

Labeling: 9 VAC 20-120-220

Permits: 9 VAC 20-120-160

Permit-by-rule: 9 VAC 20-120-180

Application for full permit: 9 VAC 20-120-710 and 9 VAC 20-120-720

Generator permit exemption: 9 VAC 20-120-170(C)

Spills and cleanup:

Spill containment and cleanup kit: 9 VAC 20-120-270 and 9 VAC 20-120-460

Cleanup procedures: 9 VAC 20-120-280

Treatment and disposal methods: 9 VAC 20-120-300

Closure: 9 VAC 20-120-290 and 9 VAC 20-120-750

Recordkeeping: 9 VAC 20-120-310 and 9 VAC 20-120-170(C)


Temperature control and storage: 9 VAC 20-120-430

Security: 9 VAC 20-120-420

Sanitation: 9 VAC 20-120-410

Transportation on state waters: 9 VAC 20-170

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia has extensive regulations for regulated medical waste (RMW) packaging and labeling, permitting, spills and cleanup, recordkeeping, transport, treatment, storage, and disposal. Unlike many states, there are no hospital, medical, and infectious waste incinerators (HMIWIs) in Virginia. See the state section INCINERATORS for information concerning incinerators.

Administration and enforcement. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers and enforces Virginia's RMW rules.

State Requirements

Read more about Medical Waste