Massachusetts PCB Management regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Massachusetts PCB Management: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): 15 USC 2605 and regulations at 40 CFR 761

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Sampling requirements for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): 310 Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) 22.07A and 310 CMR 22.16

PCB releases: 310 CMR 40.0352(5)

Regulatory Agencies

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 1

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Massachusetts follows the majority of federal regulations for identifying and classifying hazardous waste. However, the state's provisions are stricter because Massachusetts has not adopted many of the federal exclusions from hazardous waste regulation and has additional state-listed wastes, including waste oil and certain quantities of PCBs. See the state sections HAZWASTE DETERMINATION and LISTED WASTES for additional information.

Generators of wastes containing PCBs in Massachusetts must comply with the federal requirements for storage and disposal. In addition, Massachusetts requires that releases of materials that contain PCBs be reported to DEP.

Administration and enforcement. EPA enforces the federal PCB requirements and DEP administers and enforces the sampling analyses and release reporting rules for PCB and PCB items.

State Requirements


310 CMR 40.0352(5)

Releases or threats of a release of materials that contain PCBs must be reported to DEP if:

  • The concentration of PCBs in a material is either unknown or known to be less than 500 parts per million (ppm), and the release or threat of release of such material is 10 gallons or ...

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