Virginia Recycling regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Recycling: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Litter Control and Recycling Act, Virginia Code Annotated (VCA) 10.1-1414 to 10.1-1425

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Hazardous waste recycling: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-60-261

Lead-acid batteries: VCA 10.1-1425.2 and 9 VAC 20-60-266

Solid waste recycling:

Definitions: 9 VAC 20-130-10

Management plans: 9 VAC 20-130-10 to 20-130-130

Recycling data report: 9 VAC 20-130-165

Electronics: Virginia Computer Recovery and Recycling Act, VCA 10.1-1425.27 to 10.1-1425.38

Other state recycling programs:

State universities and agencies: VCA 10.1-1425.6

Public schools: VCA 10.1-1425.6 to 10.1-1425-9

Plastic container labeling: VCA 10.1-1415.1

Plastic holding devices: VCA 10.1-1415.2

Waste tires: VCA 10.1-1422.1 to 10.1-1422.3 and VCA 58.1-641 and VCA 58.1-642

Recycling tax credits: VCA 58.1-439.7

Waste oil collection sites: VCA 10.1-1422.6

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization Recycling and Litter Prevention Programs

DEQ Office of Pollution Prevention

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia has adopted the federal rules for hazardous waste recycling, with additional requirements for lead-acid batteries. Virginia has additional solid (nonhazardous) waste recycling rules for electronics, plastics, and other recycling programs. Virginia also offers tax credits and exemptions for businesses investing in recycling.

Administration and enforcement. The DEQ administers and enforces the hazardous and nonhazardous waste recycling rules in Virginia.

State Requirements


Lead-Acid Batteries

VCA 10.1-1425.2

Facilities that store spent lead-acid batteries before reclaiming them are subject to the state's hazardous waste facility permitting rules. See the state section

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