Solid Waste regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Solid Waste: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 USC 6941 to 6954 (Subtitle D)

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Solid waste disposal facility rules: 40 CFR 240 to 258

Definitions: RCRA, 42 USC 6903

Solid waste: 42 USC 6903(27), 40 CFR 261.2, and 40 CFR 261.4(a)

Disposal: 42 USC 6903(3)

Hazardous waste: 42 USC 6903(5) and 40 CFR 261.4(b)

Municipal solid waste landfills (MSWLFs): 40 CFR 258 and Appendices

Definition: 40 CFR 258.2

Types of waste accepted: 40 CFR 258.2 and 40 CFR 261.5

Large MSWLF requirements:

Location restrictions: 40 CFR 258.10 to 258.16

Design standards: 40 CFR 258.40 and 40 CFR 258.41

Operating requirements: 40 CFR 258.20 to 258.29

Groundwater monitoring and corrective action: 40 CFR 258.50 to 258.55

Corrective action: 40 CFR 258.56 to 258.58

Closure: 40 CFR 258.60

Post-closure care: 40 CFR 258.61

Financial assurance: 40 CFR 258.70 to 258.75

Small MSWLF exemption: 40 CFR 258.1(f)

Nonmunicipal solid waste disposal units: 40 CFR 257 and Appendices

Nonmunicipal units that receive conditionally exempt small quantity generator (CESQG) hazardous waste:

Standards: 40 CFR 257.5 to 257.30

Operating record: 40 CFR 257.30

Nonmunicipal coal combustion residual (CCR) landfills and surface impoundments: 40 CFR 257.50 to 257.107

Regulatory Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

Solid Waste Overview

Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), wastes are separated into two broad categories: hazardous and nonhazardous. Hazardous wastes are regulated under Subtitle C and nonhazardous wastes are regulated under Subtitle D. RCRA Subtitle D was designed to assist waste management officials in developing and encouraging environmentally ...

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