Governing Law and Regulations
Colorado Hazardous Waste Cleanup Act, Colorado Revised Statutes (CRS) 25-16-101 to 25-16-105
Hazardous Substance Response Fund (HSRF): CRS 25-16-104.5
Voluntary Cleanup and Redevelopment Act, CRS 25-16-301 to 25-16-310
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE)
Office of Environment Hazardous Materials and Waste Management Division (HMWMD) Superfund and Voluntary Cleanup Unit
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 8
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Colorado does not have a state Superfund program, but the state's Hazardous Waste Cleanup Act (HWCA) authorizes the state to participate in the federal Superfund program. To support its participation in the federal Superfund program, Colorado's HWCA includes a state Hazardous Substance Response Fund (HSRF). Additionally, Colorado's Voluntary Cleanup Program provides reduced administrative processes for private cleanup of contaminated sites.
• Administration and enforcement. CDPHE enforces the Hazardous Substance Response Fund in Colorado. However, EPA oversees the enforcement of the federal Superfund program in Colorado.
A site qualifies for the National Priorities List (NPL) when EPA determines there is a release or threatened release of hazardous substances that may endanger public health, welfare, or the environment. Both EPA and CDPHE can act as the lead agency or the support agency in Superfund cleanup actions. Colorado works with EPA and responsible parties to create and implement cleanup plans and designs. Funding for ...