Governing Law and Regulations
Hazardous waste cleanup: 37 Ohio Revised Code Annotated (ORCA) 3734.19 to 3734.30
Identification and assessment: ORCA 3734.20 and ORCA 3734.21
Cleanup plan: ORCA 3734.22
Grants: ORCA 3734.25
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) Division of Emergency and Remedial Response (DERR)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 5
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Ohio has its own remedial response program, similar to the federal Superfund, set up to fund hazardous waste site cleanups. However, unlike the federal Superfund rules, which apply broadly to hazardous substance release sites, the state rules apply only to hazardous waste sites.
Environmental liability under Ohio statutes differs from CERCLA. In Ohio, liability is proportional based on the degree of responsibility and most recent use of the property.
Ohio's Voluntary Action Program (VAP) formalizes the voluntary cleanup process in the state. The VAP encourages people to redevelop and reuse land contaminated by hazardous materials or petroleum. See the state section BROWNFIELDS for more information.
• Administration and enforcement. OEPA enforces the state remedial response rules in Ohio. EPA administers and enforces the federal Superfund rules.
IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT
ORCA 3734.20 and ORCA 3734.21
Ohio's remedial response cleanup process begins with site discovery or notification of possible releases of hazardous substances to the environment. Sites are discovered by citizens and government agencies, including OEPA and U.S. ...