Governing Law and Regulations
Virginia Waste Management Act, Virginia Code Annotated (VCA) 10.1-1402(18) to 10.1-1402(21)
Solid and Hazardous Waste Contingency Fund: VCA 10.1-2500 to 10.1-2502
Access to abandoned waste sites: VCA 10.1-1406.1
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Virginia has its own contaminated site cleanup program under the state's Waste Management Act. The program authorizes Virginia to clean up contaminated sites and hazardous substance releases.
The Waste Management Act authorizes the state to clean up sites that do not qualify for cleanup under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). The Act also provides funds to the state to pay its required share of CERCLA costs and provides compensation for persons injured by exposure to hazardous substances.
Virginia has a voluntary cleanup program that allows site owners or operators to clean up a site contaminated by hazardous substances. There are some site restrictions and incentives for parties who take advantage of the program. For more information, see the state section BROWNFIELDS.
• Administration and enforcement. DEQ enforces the state contaminated site cleanup rules in Virginia. Although DEQ does work with federal agencies to ensure proper cleanup of hazardous wastes at federal Superfund sites, including military bases and other federal facilities, EPA is responsible for managing the ...