Texas Surface Impoundments regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Texas Surface Impoundments: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste surface impoundment rules: 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) 335.152(a)(9), 30 TAC 335.168, and 30 TAC 335.169;30 TAC 335.112(a)(10) (interim status)

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Construction quality assurance program: 30 TAC 335.152(a)(1) and 30 TAC 335.112(a)(1) (interim status)

Response action plan: 30 TAC 335.152(a)(9) and 30 TAC 335.112(a)(10) (interim status)

Organic air emissions standards: 30 TAC 335.152(a)(17) to 335.152(a)(19) and 30 TAC 335.112(a)(19) to 335.112(a)(21) (interim status)

Regulatory Agency

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) Office of Compliance and Enforcement

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Texas follows the federal surface impoundment rules and adds state requirements concerning closure and facility permits and fees.

Administration and enforcement. TCEQ's Office of Compliance and Enforcement administers and enforces the surface impoundment requirements in Texas.

State Requirements


The state closure rules for surface impoundments are more stringent than the federal rules. See the state section CLOSURE AND POST-CLOSURE PLANS for additional guidance.


Owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs) that use surface impoundments for hazardous waste management must comply with additional permit application requirements and pay several state permit and facility fees. The state's more stringent permit standards and fees are reviewed in the state section TSDF PERMITS.

Read more about Surface Impoundments