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See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Alabama follows the federal universal waste rules, including those for the regulation of mercury-containing equipment. In addition, the state has provisions for the volume reduction (the "crushing") of lamps that are not included in the universal waste regulations.
• Administration and enforcement. The Alabama Department of Environmental Management's (ADEM) Governmental Hazardous Waste Branch administers and enforces the universal waste rules in Alabama.
Volume reduction procedures. Alabama allows, as an exclusion from its hazardous waste permit requirements, the treatment of on-site generated hazardous wastes in tanks or containers by physical or mechanical processes solely for the purpose of reducing the bulk volume of the waste, which must be subsequently managed as a hazardous waste. The permit exclusion gives "crushing fluorescent lamps" as an example of volume reduction treatment that does not require a permit provided these conditions, as applicable, are met (Ala. Admin. Code r 335-14-8-.01(1)(c)2.(x)):