Virginia Universal Wastes regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Universal Wastes: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Universal waste rules: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-60-273, 9 VAC 20-60-1430, 9 VAC 20-60-1495, and 9 VAC 20-60-1505

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Used lamps:

Definitions: 9 VAC 20-60-273(B.3.a)

Large quantity handlers of universal waste (LQHUWs): 9 VAC 20-60-273(B.3.d)

Crushing used lamps: 9 VAC 20-60-273(B.3) and 9 VAC 20-60-1505

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization Hazardous Waste Management Program

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Virginia has adopted by reference the federal regulations for universal waste and adds extensive provisions for the crushing of universal waste lamps. Virginia also adds requirements to the federal universal waste petition procedures for those seeking to add a hazardous waste or a category of hazardous waste to the Virginia universal waste regulations.

Administration and enforcement. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Division of Land Protection and Revitalization administers and enforces the universal waste rules in Virginia.

State Requirements



9 VAC 20-60-273(B.3.a)

As under the federal rules, the used lamp must be a waste as well as a hazardous waste under 40 CFR 261 to be managed under the universal waste rules. A used lamp becomes a waste in Virginia on the date that the handler permanently removes it from its fixture. An unused lamp becomes a waste on the date the handler discards it.

LQHUWs of Lamps

9 VAC 20-60-273(B.3.d)

All large quantity handlers of universal waste (LQHUWs) of universal waste lamps (generators that accumulate 5,000 kilograms or more of universal waste lamps) must:

  • Prepare and maintain a closure plan conforming to the federal requirements of

Read more about Universal Wastes

More on this topic:

Governing Law and Regulations
Regulatory Agency
Comparison: State vs. Federal
State Requirements
Guidance Document