Georgia Groundwater regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Georgia Groundwater: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Groundwater use permit: Rules and Regulations of the State of Georgia (GRR) 391-3-2-.01 to 391-3-2-.16

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Permit application: GRR 391-3-2-.04

Permit term: GRR 391-3-2-.07

Groundwater reports: GRR 391-3-2-.08

Public water systems: GRR 391-3-5-.06, GRR 391-3-5-.07, and GRR 391-3-5-.21 to 391-3-5-.27

Swine feeding operations: GRR 391-3-6-.20

Regulatory Agency

Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Water Resources Branch

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Georgia protects its groundwater resources through several regulatory programs, including the following: groundwater use permits under Georgia's Groundwater Use Act; municipal drinking water permits; wellhead protection programs; surface water discharge permits; and a vulnerability assessment program to determine pollution of private wells in the state.

In addition, Georgia follows the federal hazardous waste regulations for groundwater protection, monitoring, and corrective action at both permitted and interim-status TSDFs (those awaiting a final permit). However, unlike the federal regulations, the DNR requires groundwater monitoring for nonhazardous solid waste disposal facilities.

Administration and enforcement. DNR's Water Resources Branch regulates the use of Georgia's surface and groundwater resources for drinking water, impoundment, agricultural irrigation, and other nonagricultural uses.

State Requirements


GRR 391-3-2-.03

No person may withdraw, obtain, or utilize groundwater in excess of 100,000 gallons per day for any purpose, unless such ...

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