Kentucky Groundwater regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Kentucky Groundwater: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Solid waste facilities and groundwater monitoring: Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS) 224.43-360(1)(b)

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Hazardous waste facilities and groundwater requirements: KRS 224.46-530(1)(h) and KRS 224.46-530(1)(i)

Hazardous waste facilities: 401 Kentucky Administrative Regulations (KAR) 34:060 and 401 KAR 35:060 (interim status)

Groundwater protection plans (GPPs): 401 KAR 5:037

Activities requiring a GPP: 401 KAR 5:037, Section 2(2)

Exempt activities: 401 KAR 5:037, Section 2(3)

Contents of a GPP: 401 KAR 5:037, Section 3(3)

Implementation and recordkeeping: 401 KAR 5:037, Section 4

Monitoring at landfills: 401 KAR 48:300(11)

Wells: 401 KAR 6:310 to 6:350

Water supply wells: 401 KAR 6:310

Monitoring wells: 401 KAR 6:350

Driller certification: 401 KAR 6:320

Regulatory Agency

Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) Division of Waste Management

DEP Division of Water

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Kentucky has not adopted groundwater standards. Groundwater quality standards in Kentucky are regulated using U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drinking water standards under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act. Kentucky's regulations for groundwater monitoring and protection at solid waste and hazardous waste facilities parallel the federal regulations, with stricter monitoring requirements for solid (nonhazardous) waste landfills. See the national section GROUNDWATER for additional guidance.

Administration and enforcement. DEP's Division of Waste Management administers and enforces Kentucky's groundwater rules ...


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