Governing Law and Regulations
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Bureau of Resource Protection Groundwater Program
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 1
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Massachusetts follows many of the federal rules regarding the protection of groundwater in the state and has additional requirements as well. For more information about the federal requirements, see the national section GROUNDWATER.
Massachusetts requires a permit for the discharge of pollutants to Commonwealth waters, including groundwater. In addition, Massachusetts has extensive groundwater monitoring requirements for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs). These requirements are modeled after and incorporate federal groundwater monitoring requirements. However, it is the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) that specifies the construction requirements for the well bore hole and its protective casing and for the collection of monitoring samples.
Groundwater monitoring is also required at all solid (nonhazardous) waste facilities' ...