North Carolina Groundwater regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Groundwater: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

General considerations for groundwater: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 2L.0100et seq.

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Groundwater classifications: 15A NCAC 2L.0201

Restricted (RS) waters: 15A NCAC 2L.0104

Groundwater quality standards: 15A NCAC 2L.0202

Innocent landowner exemption: 15A NCAC 2L.0101

Well construction: 15A NCAC 2C.0101 to 2C.0119

Permits: 15A NCAC 2C.0105

Water supply wells: 15A NCAC 2C.0107

Storage tanks: 15A NCAC 2C.0107(a)(2)(Q)

Reports: 15A NCAC 2C.0114(b)

Swine farms and groundwater: North Carolina General Statutes (N.C. Gen. Stat.) 143-215.6E

Regulatory Agencies

North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Water Quality Aquifer Protection Section Groundwater Protection Unit

Well Contractors Certification Commission

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina's groundwater monitoring requirements for hazardous waste facilities are the same as the federal rules. The state has additional rules related to groundwater classification and groundwater quality standards. The groundwater program also helps to protect public and private drinking water supplies in the state. For additional guidance, see the state section DRINKING WATER.

Administration and enforcement. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers and enforces the groundwater monitoring rules in North Carolina. The Groundwater Protection Unit of the Division of Water Quality is responsible for the administration of groundwater discharge permits.

State Requirements

DEQ's Groundwater Protection Unit of the Division of Water Quality provides technical and ...

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