Governing Law and Regulations
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Water Permitting
DEQ Division of Water Planning
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. The state has established groundwater programs, including requirements to protect existing sources from contamination and for permitting withdrawals of groundwater supplies under the Virginia Ground Water Management Act of 1992 (VCA 62.1-254 to 62.1-270).
Virginia has adopted by reference the federal hazardous waste rules, including the provisions for groundwater monitoring. The state has also established statewide groundwater standards, as well as specific standards and criteria for specific physiographic provinces.
• Administration and enforcement. Groundwater protection and monitoring regulations in Virginia are administered and enforced by the water divisions of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ).
9 VAC 25-280-20
Virginia has established groundwater quality ...