Virginia Groundwater regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Groundwater: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Virginia Ground Water Management Act of 1992, Virginia Code Annotated (VCA) 62.1-254 to 62.1-270

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Hazardous waste monitoring rules: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-60-264

Virginia groundwater standards and criteria: 9 VAC 25-280-10 to 25-280-90

General standards: 9 VAC 25-280-20

Antidegradation: 9 VAC 25-280-30

Physiographic provinces: 9 VAC 25-280-50

Statewide standards: 9 VAC 25-280-40

Groundwater criteria: 9 VAC 25-280-60 and 9 VAC 25-280-70

Groundwater withdrawal regulations: 9 VAC 25-610-10 to 25-610-390

Exclusions: 9 VAC 25-610-50

Groundwater management area: 9 VAC 25-610-70

Permit applications: 9 VAC 25-610-90 to 25-610-94 and 9 VAC 25-20-110

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Division of Water Permitting

DEQ Division of Water Planning

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. The state has established groundwater programs, including requirements to protect existing sources from contamination and for permitting withdrawals of groundwater supplies under the Virginia Ground Water Management Act of 1992 (VCA 62.1-254 to 62.1-270).

Virginia has adopted by reference the federal hazardous waste rules, including the provisions for groundwater monitoring. The state has also established statewide groundwater standards, as well as specific standards and criteria for specific physiographic provinces.

Administration and enforcement. Groundwater protection and monitoring regulations in Virginia are administered and enforced by the water divisions of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ).

State Requirements


9 VAC 25-280-20

Virginia has established groundwater quality ...

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