Kansas Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Kansas Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Underground injection control (UIC) permits: Kansas Administrative Regulations (KAR) 28-46-1 to 28-46-44

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Class I wells: KAR 28-46-30

Class II wells: KAR 28-46-42

Regulatory Agency

Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Division of Environment Bureau of Water Geology Section

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Kansas has generally adopted the federal requirements as they pertain to underground injection wells, with additional requirements for modification and reissuance of permits. See the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS to review the federal regulations. The injection of hazardous or radioactive waste near an underground source of drinking water is prohibited in the state.

Wells that meet the permit-by-rule requirements (including the requirement that the facility have an underground injection well permit under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)) are deemed to have a hazardous waste disposal facility permit and do not have to apply for one.

Underground injection wells in Kansas are subject to various state fees, certain state treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF) permit requirements, and more stringent management requirements.

Administration and enforcement. The KDHE administers and enforces the underground injection well requirements for Class I, II, III, IV, and V wells in Kansas. The EPA administers and enforces the requirements for Class VI wells.

State Requirements


KAR 28-46-1 to 28-46-44

Kansas follows the federal underground injection permit requirements in 40 CFR 124.3, except (d), and 40 CFR 144.31

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