Kentucky Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Kentucky Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Class II wells: 805 Kentucky Administrative Regulations (KAR) 1:020 and 1:110

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Underground injection of hazardous waste: 401 KAR 38:060, Section 1

Interim Status UIC: 401 KAR 35:270

Regulatory Agencies

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4

Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) Division of Waste Management

Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) Division of Oil and Gas

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) granted primacy to Kentucky to administer the requirements of the federal underground injection control (UIC) program for Class II wells. The EPA remains the permitting authority for Class I, III, IV, and VI wells in Kentucky and all wells on Indian land. The state has adopted the federal permit-by-rule option for underground injection wells that inject hazardous waste. Owners and operators of underground injection wells in Kentucky must have a federal permit. In Kentucky, a facility using an underground injection well for hazardous waste disposal must comply with state standards for corrective action, closure, and groundwater monitoring. See the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS for information on the federal requirements.

Administration and enforcement. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Region 4 administers and enforces the underground injection well rules in Kentucky. The Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection's (DEP) Division of Waste Management assists with permit compliance issues related to the injection of hazardous waste. The ...

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