Michigan Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Michigan Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Exception to construction permit requirements: Michigan Administrative Code (MAC) r. 299.9503(3)(a)

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Hazardous waste underground injection wells: MAC r. 299.9502

Oil and gas: MAC r. 324.801 to 324.808

Temporary authority to inject: MAC r. 324.802

Testing: MAC r. 324.803 to 324.805

Monitoring: MAC r. 324.806

Notification: MAC r. 324.807

Abandoned wells: MAC r. 324.808

Regulatory Agencies

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Office of Oil, Gas, and Minerals

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 5 Water Division

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Michigan does not have permitting authority for underground injection wells in the state. However, the state has adopted additional monitoring and reporting requirements for oil and gas injection wells. See the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS for more information on the federal program.

Administration and enforcement. EPA regulates all underground injection wells in the state. DEQ's Office of Oil, Gas, and Minerals administers and enforces the state's rules for oil and gas wells.

State Requirements


MAC r. 299.9502

The owner or operator of an injection well disposing of hazardous waste is deemed to have an operating license and is not subject to the state's construction permit requirement if the owner or operator meets the following requirements:

  • Has a permit for underground injection issued under the provisions of 40 CFR 124, 40 CFR 144 to 147, Subpart X
  • Complies with the conditions of the permit and the requirements of the provisions of 40 CFR 144.14
  • Has a permit ...

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