New York Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

New York Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Hazardous waste disposal injection wells: 6 New York Codes, Rules, and Regulations (NYCRR) 373-1.1(d)(2)(ii)

Regulatory Agency
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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 2

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. New York has not received primacy to administer the federal Underground Injection Control (UIC) program by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). However, the state does require that in addition to having an EPA-issued permit under 40 CFR 144 or 40 CFR 145, underground injection wells must be in compliance with certain state environmental regulations.

A Class IID underground injection control permit must be obtained from the EPA Region 2 office before operating any well for brine disposal. The EPA staff review proposed operations with respect to protection of groundwater aquifers. Parameters reviewed by the EPA include the well construction and plugging plans, proposed injection rate and pressure, injectate composition, and proposed injectate and groundwater monitoring plans.

Administration and enforcement. EPA Region 2 has primary authority for administering and enforcing the underground injection well rules in New York. See the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS for additional guidance.

State Requirements


6 NYCRR 373-1.1(d)(2)(ii)

Facilities that dispose of hazardous waste by injection well are exempt from obtaining a state hazardous waste disposal permit if the owner or operator:

  • Has a permit for underground injection under 40 CFR 144 or 40 CFR 145
  • Complies with the conditions of the underground ...

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