North Carolina Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

North Carolina Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Underground Injection Control (UIC) program: 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 2C.0201 to 2C.0242

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Corrective action: 15A NCAC 2C.0206

Mechanical integrity: 15A NCAC 2C.0207

Well classifications: 15A NCAC 2C.0209

Financial responsibility: 15A NCAC 2C.0208

Septic tanks: 15A NCAC 18A.1934 to 18A.1969

Regulatory Agencies

North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Division of Water Resources Aquifer Protection Section Groundwater Protection Branch

North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Environmental Health Section On-Site Wastewater Branch

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. North Carolina has received primacy from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to administer the federal underground injection control (UIC) Program for underground injection wells. For more information about the federal requirements, see the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS.

In North Carolina, although most UIC wells are prohibited, several types of injection wells are permitted through the state's UIC Program, provided that the injection activity does not threaten human health or the environment. The most common legal types of injection wells include wells used for in-situ groundwater remediation, geothermal heating and cooling, and aquifer storage and recovery.

State rules establish additional classes of injection wells and establish requirements and procedures for permitting, constructing, operating, monitoring, reporting, and abandoning approved types of ...

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