Governing Law and Regulations
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Division of Water Resources Aquifer Protection Section Groundwater Protection Branch
North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Environmental Health Section On-Site Wastewater Branch
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina has received primacy from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to administer the federal underground injection control (UIC) Program for underground injection wells. For more information about the federal requirements, see the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS.
In North Carolina, although most UIC wells are prohibited, several types of injection wells are permitted through the state's UIC Program, provided that the injection activity does not threaten human health or the environment. The most common legal types of injection wells include wells used for in-situ groundwater remediation, geothermal heating and cooling, and aquifer storage and recovery.
State rules establish additional classes of injection wells and establish requirements and procedures for permitting, constructing, operating, monitoring, reporting, and abandoning approved types of ...